A History of the Census Bureau’s Birthplace and Citizenship Questions in One Table

Traditionally, Census questionnaires have asked only for basic demographic information, since burdening everyone with a long set of questions would cost too much time and money. In the mid-twentieth century, the Census Bureau devised a way to obtain more detailed data in a cost-effective manner. It added supplemental questions — the “long form” — that would be answered by a representative subset of the population. After 1950, both the birthplace and the citizenship questions were removed from the full census and demoted to the long form. The birthplace question moved to the long form in 1960, while the citizenship question began appearing on the long form in 1970.

The long form ended with the 2000 Census. The American Community Survey (ACS), an approximately 3 percent sample conducted annually, now fulfills the long form’s role of gathering detailed data, including birthplace and citizenship, from a subset of Americans.

With the ACS in place, the 2010 census returned to the short single-form style for the full population, with no citizenship question. The 2020 census will be similarly spartan, but the citizenship question has been added back. As the table indicates, the Census Bureau has regularly asked a representative subset of U.S. residents about citizenship, but this will be the first time since 1950 that the full population will be asked.

Center for Immigration Studies

The Clinton Surplus Myth

It’s commonly claimed that the Clinton Administration ran a surplus. Unfortunately, the math doesn’t seem to support this notion.

While not defending the increase of the federal debt under President Bush, it’s curious to see Clinton’s record promoted as having generated a surplus. It never happened. There was never a surplus and the facts support that position. In fact, far from a $360 billion reduction in the national debt in FY1998-FY2000, there was an increase of $281 billion.

Verifying this is as simple as accessing the U.S. Treasury (see note about this link below) website where the national debt is updated daily and a history of the debt since January 1993 can be obtained. 


As can clearly be seen, in no year did the national debt go down, nor did Clinton leave President Bush with a surplus that Bush subsequently turned into a deficit. Yes, the deficit was almost eliminated in FY2000 (ending in September 2000 with a deficit of “only” $17.9 billion), but it never reached zero–let alone a positive surplus number. And Clinton’s last budget proposal for FY2001, which ended in September 2001, generated a $133.29 billion deficit. The growing deficits started in the year of the last Clinton budget, not in the first year of the Bush administration.

Townhall Finance

Doing the Math on Energy

 Bill Gates has said that when it comes to understanding energy realities “we need to bring math to the problem.”

Inconvenient Energy Realities

Don’t ask the question if you don’t want to hear the answer.

31. No digital-like 10x gains exist for solar tech. Physics limit for solar cells (the Shockley-Queisser limit) is a max conversion of about 33% of photons into electrons; commercial cells today are at 26%.

32. No digital-like 10x gains exist for wind tech. Physics limit for wind turbines (the Betz limit) is a max capture of 60% of energy in moving air; commercial turbines achieve 45%.

33. No digital-like 10x gains exist for batteries: maximum theoretical energy in a pound of oil is 1,500% greater than max theoretical energy in the best pound of battery chemicals.

Larry Elder on Slavery and Reparations

Getting Real About Reparations

The call for slavery reparations
is reverberating throughout the land once
again. It will be entertaining to watch the
Democratic presidential candidates for
2020 position themselves on this topic.
They must know the very idea is irrational
and entirely impractical, but at the same
time they will worry that one candidate or
another will endorse the idea and leave
them outflanked.


During the antebellum decade, slavery reached its peak among the Five Civilized Tribes. The Cherokee, numbering only about 20,000 themselves, owned nearly 5,000 black slaves; the Choctaw 2,500; the Creeks 2,000; and the Chickasaw and Seminole about a thousand each. To protect their slave property, the Five Civilized Tribes, except for a few dissident factions, sided with the Confederacy when the Civil War erupted. “The war now raging,” declared the Cherokee, “is a war of Northern cupidity and fanaticism against the institution of African servitude; against the commercial freedom of the South, and against the political freedom of the States.”
Nearly 20,000 Indians from the Five Civilized Tribes served in more than a dozen Indian units in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. The more prominent of the units included the Cherokee Mounted Rifles, the Thomas’ Legion of Eastern Cherokee, the Cherokee Cavalry, the Chickasaw Cavalry, the Chickasaw Infantry, the Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles, the Choctaw Cavalry, the Creek Mounted Volunteers, and the Seminole Mounted Volunteers. In 1864 the Indian Cavalry Brigade was organized and commanded by Cherokee Nation leader Brig. Gen. Stand Watie. Watie did not surrender his brigade until June 1865, making him the last Confederate general to surrender.
American Indians not only served in the Confederate Army but also in the Confederate Congress. One of several to serve in both was Elias Cornelius Boudinot. He was a lieutenant colonel in the army, fighting in the battles of Pea Ridge, Locust Grove, and Prairie Grove, as well as the Cherokee delegate to Congress.
The 13th Amendment, ratified during the fall of 1865, abolished slavery in the U.S. as a whole but not among the Five Civilized Tribes. Although the Indians were “under the protection of the United States,” it was unclear how the Constitution applied to them. As a consequence, blacks remained as slaves in Indian Territory until July and August 1866 after the U.S. government had negotiated new treaties with the individual tribes that included specific clauses prohibiting slavery. Even then, some slaveholders among the Five Civilized Tribes didn’t comply until 1867.
Unfortunately, these complexities and uncomfortable facts of slavery in the United States are unknown to the majority of Americans today. I suspect those now talking about reparations are among them.

Larry Elder Website

Andrew Sullivan: 2020 Dems are offering a great deal…to people who aren’t Americans

The usual caveat up front, i.e. I can’t believe I’m agreeing with Andrew Sullivan. But his piece on immigration and the 2020 candidates restates a lot of the points I’ve tried to make in the last few weeks about this topic. The Democratic Party has long winked at illegal immigration but these days it is openly advocating for open borders.

Source: Andrew Sullivan: 2020 Dems are offering a great deal…to people who aren’t Americans

The abortion lobby is going for the kill – AEI – American Enterprise Institute: Freedom, Opportunity, Enterprise

John Irving is a fiction writer, and it shows. Pretending he was writing a history in the pages of the New York Times , Irving wrote a fable. It’s the fable told by the abortion lobby, promulgated by the Democratic Party, and believed by most journalists. “Abortion opponents don’t care what happens to an unwanted child,” wrote Irving, “and they’ve never cared about the mother.” In a work of purported history, Irving bragged of his winning Planned Parenthood’s vaunted “Maggie Award,” named after Margaret Sanger.

Source: The abortion lobby is going for the kill – AEI – American Enterprise Institute: Freedom, Opportunity, Enterprise